When sewing fabrics together problems can occur when the thread tension is not correct, the needle or bobbin is not inserted properly, or the machine is not threaded correctly. … Check you have chosen the right needle size and thread to suit the fabric type and weight.
What number should the tension be on a sewing machine?
The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
– The bobbin thread could be wound incorrectly. – Check the bobbin was inserted properly. – Make sure that you are using a bobbin designed for this machine. – Make sure that the bobbin was threaded properly in the shuttle race.
What tension should I use for cotton?
Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four.
Why does the thread bunch up underneath?
Your Thread Tails Are Too Short
If the thread tails that come out of your bobbin are shorter than two inches, they may get sucked into your sewing machine when you begin to sew. This can cause thread bunching underneath your fabric.
How do you fix a lower bobbin tension?
To tighten your bobbin tension, turn the tiny screw on the bobbin case a smidgen clockwise. To loosen bobbin tension, turn the screw counterclockwise. A quarter turn or less is a good place to start.
You should see a small screw on the flat/closed side of the bobbin case. Turning the screw a tiny bit counterclockwise will loosen the bobbin tension; turning it clockwise will tighten the tension.
If your thread is pulled tight on the underside and not forming an even stitch then (counter-intuitively) it’s usually the top thread tension that’s wrong. Sometimes very lightweight fabrics such as sheers can get dragged down into the machine so it’s a good idea to use a straight stitch plate.
What will you do if there is a problem with the stitch tension as the thread passes through the machine?
If the tension isn’t perfect, fix it by adjusting the bobbin spring; tighter if the bobbin thread shows on the upper layer, and looser if the needle thread shows on the underlayer. Make another test seam, and examine the stitches, repeating until the stitch is balanced.
Why is my sewing machine not stitching properly?
First, your needle may be dull or damaged and needs to be replaced. You should also check that you are using the correct needle for the type of fabric you are sewing. … If the needle is not inserted correctly, it will not be able to pull up the bobbin thread and will cause skipped stitches.
Why do sewing machines lock up and won’t sew?
Sewing Machine: Why does my sewing machine lock up? Thread bunched up in the shuttle race often causes the sewing machine to lock up. … Clean lint and debris out of the shuttle race; they can prevent the needle from hooking the thread, resulting in thread bunching up in the shuttle race and jamming the needle.
Why does my cotton keep breaking on my sewing machine?
The upper thread tension could be set too tight. Set the tension to the best thread tension setting or less. Make sure the spool of thread is installed correctly using the correct size spool cap for the size of spool. … Check that the bobbin is wound so that it about 80% full and that the thread is evenly wound.
What is the best stitch length for sewing a straight stitch?
Set the machine for straight stitch, with a stitch length of 3 to 3.5mm. Use a SINGER Topstitching Needle, size 90/14 for medium weight fabrics, or a SINGER Topstitching needle, size 100/16 for heavier fabrics. Sew 1/4″ – 3/8″ from the edge of the fabric.
What settings should sewing machine be on?
Most sewing is done in the 2.0 to 2.5 range. If you are foundation paper piecing, you may want to decrease your stitch length so that the paper tears away easier. Top stitching and quilting are usually done in the 3.0 to 3.5 range.